• Rendering of Lattice Archipelogics light/interaction environment.

  • Photograph of Lattice Archipelogics installation at UCLA’s Department of Architecture.

  • Photograph of Lattice Archipelogics installed at the Latent Utopias exhibition in Graz, Austria.

  • Preliminary LED lighting tests.

  • Lattice Archipelogics installed at the Centre Pompidou in Paris for the exhibition Non-Standard Architectures (exhibited with the projects Thermocline, Lobbi-Ports, and In the Lattice).

Lattice Archipelogics



Exhibition Design

servo in collaboration with Smart Studio/Interactive Institute

Responsive motion-sensor/lighting installation designed for the group exhibition Latent Utopias: Experiments Within Contemporary Architecture curated by Zaha Hadid and Patrik Schumacher.

Project Description

Lattice Archipelogics is an interior scale installation that integrates remote sensing technology, modular forms, materiality, and light. This full-scale prototype explores the resonance between formal systems and their distributional and indexical capacities.  Movement through a field of modules stimulates changes in the material and computational aspects of the space created by the field. The activity of gallery users as they move through the installation environment is registered and computationally transmitted to a system of relays connected to lighting elements. This real-time interaction affects both material and organizational phenomena, reconfiguring light density and altering characteristics of visual porosity. This technique enables the occupants to influence and mutate the space in real time, thereby continuously updating and transforming the installation.

The physical architecture of Lattice Archipelogics, its hardware, is a thick atmosphere of 102 vacuum-cast polyurethane cells. Taking its cues from the processes which form archipelagoes in the natural world, the design re-thinks them through synthetic and industrial procedures.  The manufacturing procedure for the each cell was developed through a series of solid stereolithographic castings and negative silicon molds produced directly from three dimensional computer models. In assembly and structure, the cells interlock with twin cells, forming a counterbalanced and structurally suspended lattice network that is vertically staggered in space. At a smaller scale, the interior surface of each cell distributes the infrastructure for the entire set of systems in the installation, organizing them into helical circulation patterns.

The virtual architecture of Lattice Archipelogics, its software, is an algorithmically-driven program designed in collaboration with the Interactive Institute/Smart Studio in Stockholm.  The informational structure of the computer program integrates sensor inputs and outputs into the materiality of the physical cells.  This synthesis of virtual and material systems generates different scales of resonance and integration between the soft and the hard.  Motion sensors track the circulation of visitors moving through the installation, allowing it to in effect observe or listen to the behavior of its occupants. That information is then processed by software designed to translate these patterns of movement by organizing them into cellular particles that distribute in variable, algorithmically-driven assemblies.  These assemblies of information in turn trigger the LED lighting array. The algorithm for the software was written such that it re-samples

stored movement patterns even when the installation is left vacant or unoccupied, perpetuating spatial transformations into a kind of architectural dream state.

Project Credits

servo in collaboration with Smart Studio/Interactive Institute

Installation Design


David Erdman, Marcelyn Gow, Ulrika Karlsson, Chris Perry

Design Team: Daniel Norell, Clare Olsen, Jonas Runberger

Additional Renderings: Murat Mutlu

Responsive System Design

Smart Studio/Interactive Institute

Design Team: Tobi Schneidler, Fredrik Petersson, Olof Bendt, Magnus Jonsson, Pablo Miranda

Fabrication Consultants


Special Thanks

Zaha Hadid and Patrik Schumacher (Steirischer Herbst), CARAN, IASPIS (International Artists’ Studio Program in Sweden), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SSARK medialab, White arkitekter